Quick Answer: What Is The Dead Zone In The Ocean?

When a dead zone is formed in the summer Why do the oxygen levels go down?

Dead zones are caused by oxygen-depleting factors which include, but are not limited to, human pollution (4).

This is a process called eutrophication, where oxygen levels decrease as elements such nitrogen and phosphorus increase..

Where is the dead zone in the ocean?

Dead zones occur in coastal areas around the nation and in the Great Lakes — no part of the country or the world is immune. The second largest dead zone in the world is located in the U.S., in the northern Gulf of Mexico.

Can a dead zone recover?

Coastal waters contain the vast majority, though some exist in inland waterways. A handful of the 166 dead zones have since bounced back through improved management of sewage and agricultural runoff, but as fertilizer use and factory farming increase, we are creating dead zones faster than nature can recover.

How do they fix dead zones in the ocean?

Voluntarily stop fertilizer and waste runoff into lakes, rivers, and streams.Enact laws to prevent fertilizer and waste runoff from entering the Mississippi River basin.Build water treatment plants to prevent human and animal waste from entering our waters.

What is the largest dead zone in the world?

Gulf of MexicoScientists have determined this year’s Gulf of Mexico “dead zone,” an area of low oxygen that can kill fish and marine life, is 8,776 square miles, an area about the size of New Jersey. It is the largest measured since dead zone mapping began there in 1985.

Are dead zones permanent?

Some occur seasonally. Some are permanent. Dead zones are areas within water bodies, usually in deep water near sediments, where there is insufficient oxygen to support life. …

How do dead zones affect the economy?

When the dead zone is present, fishermen catch more small shrimp and fewer large ones, making small shrimp cheaper and larger ones more expensive. The total quantity of shrimp caught could remain the same during hypoxic periods, but a reduction in the highly valued large shrimp would lead to a net economic loss.

How many dead zones are in the ocean?

A 2008 study found more than 400 dead zones exist worldwide—anywhere excess nutrients travel downstream and into a body of water. (Read about a large dead zone in the Baltic Sea.) The largest dead zone in the world lies in the Arabian Sea, covering almost the entire 63,700-square mile Gulf of Oman.

How do ocean dead zones affect humans?

When the algae eventually dies, the oxygen in the water is consumed. … Elevated nutrient levels and algal blooms can also cause problems in drinking water in communities nearby and upstream from dead zones. Harmful algal blooms release toxins that contaminate drinking water, causing illnesses for animals and humans.

Which factors are common to a dead zone?

Nitrogen and phosphorous from agricultural runoff are the primary culprits, but sewage, vehicular and industrial emissions and even natural factors also play a role in the development of dead zones.