Quick Answer: What Is The Acute Phase Of Infection?

What are the 5 stages of infectious disease?

The five periods of disease (sometimes referred to as stages or phases) include the incubation, prodromal, illness, decline, and convalescence periods (Figure 2)..

What are the 4 stages of communicable illness?

The natural history of an untreated communicable disease has four stages: stage of exposure, stage of infection, stage of infectious disease, and stage of outcome.

How long is an acute phase?

Acute Phase, which is subdivided in two stages: Early Acute Phase (2-48 hours). This phase is characterized by continuing hemorrhage, increasing edema and inflammation, and marks the onset of additional secondary injury processes. Subacute Phase (2 days to 2 weeks).

What does acute mean medically?

Acute conditions are severe and sudden in onset. This could describe anything from a broken bone to an asthma attack. A chronic condition, by contrast is a long-developing syndrome, such as osteoporosis or asthma. Note that osteoporosis, a chronic condition, may cause a broken bone, an acute condition.

Which disease is more harmful acute or chronic disease Why?

(i) Chronic disease is more harmful because chronic diseases have drastic long term effects on people’s health as compared to acute disease.

What is the incubation stage of infection?

The incubation period is the number of days between when you’re infected with something and when you might see symptoms. Health care professionals and government officials use this number to decide how long people need to stay away from others during an outbreak.

What is the infectious disease process?

The Infectious Disease Process. [last update 11/24/03] The infectious disease process includes the following components: (1) agent (2) reservoir (3) portals of entry and exit (4) mode of transmission (5) immunity. Types of agents range from the submicroscopic to the large parasites.

What does acute phase mean?

The acute phase response is the body’s rapid attempt to restore homeostasis after tissue injury, infection, neoplastic growth, or immunological disturbance.

What causes acute phase response?

The acute phase response (APR) is a prominent systemic reaction of the organism to local or systemic disturbances in its homeostasis caused by infection, tissue injury, trauma or surgery, neoplastic growth or immunological disorders (Gordon and Koy, 1985; Gruys et al., 1999).

What is Acute Disease example?

Acute diseases come on rapidly, and are accompanied by distinct symptoms that require urgent or short-term care, and get better once they are treated. For example, a broken bone that might result from a fall must be treated by a doctor and will heal in time.

What is the difference between chronic and acute care?

Whereas an acute illness generally develops suddenly and lasts a short time, a chronic illness develops slowly and may worsen over an extended period of time – thereby requiring a long-term medical plan to keep it under control as much as possible.

What stage of infection is most communicable?

In some cases, a person is contagious during the incubation period, while in others the person is not contagious until the illness begins. The amount of time a child remains contagious depends on the infection and the child. Young children are often contagious for longer than older children.